Sanjay Gandhi National Park



There is a butterfly garden within the NIC premises so that one can have the wonderful experience of sighting and trying to identify the myriad of butterflies. The butterfly garden has a staggering diversity of butterflies and is most vibrant in the months from September to January. To help you to enjoy your hobby of butterflying even more, a pocket guide to the butterflies of Sanjay Gandhi National Park is also available which not only gives a colorful and pictorial description of the butterflies but also information about how to identify them . This pocket book is available for sale at the NIC.

Butterflies are day-flying insects and considered to be the agents of pollination of some plants. They are cold-blooded and cannot fly if their body temperature is less than 30 degree centigrade. A butterfly has compound eyes with each eye made up of about 6000 tiny parts called lenses; it is fascinating to know that a butterfly can see in all directions except directly underneath its body. Butterflies feed chiefly on nectar from flowers. There are over 20,000 species of butterflies worldwide. At Sanjay Gandhi National Park we have a whopping 170 Species of butterflies, out of around 1500 species found in India.

Frequently Seen Butterflies

Common Crow Butterfly

(Euploea core). The Common Crow is a poisonous butterfly commonly found in South Asia. The caterpillars of these butterflies feed on the poisonous leaves of Calotropis because of which it becomes poisonous when it emerges out of the pupa. Small birds often die if they feed on this butterfly.

The Common Tiger

(Danaus genutia). The Common Tiger is one of the commonly seen butterflies in the national park. It is also called Striped Tiger in India. They are unpleasant to taste and smell and hence predators often avoid killing them.

Blue Tiger

(Tirumala limniace). The Blue Tiger is another butterfly belonging to the brush-footed butterfly family. They show unreserved migratory behavior during monsoons. Predominantly black & blue in color, they are very photogenic in appearance.

Grey Pansy

(Junonia atlites). This butterfly is commonly found close to water bodies. The butterfly can be easily identified due to its subtle, subdued grey color with uniformly marked rings on its wings (almost resembling the ones on the peacock feather).

The Common Jezebel

(Delias eucharis). The Common Jezebel is a medium sized colourful butterfly. They are seen in gardens wandering and visiting flowers for nectar or mud-puddling.

The Dark-Branded Bushbrown

(Mycalesis mineus). The Bushbrown is a species of satyrine butterfly found commonly in Asia.

The Common Emigrant

(Catopsilia pomona). Also known as the Lemon Emigrant is a medium sized period butterfly. It gets its name from its habit of migration. These butterflies can be seen easily in human inhabited gardens. They are swift and perch on the flowers to feed, only for few seconds.

The Red Pierrot

(Talicada nyseus). The Red Pierrot is a pretty, small sized butterfly with bright & attractive colours. Though not a very common butterfly, it still can be seen often in SGNP. Photographing this butterfly is comparatively easier as it is a weak flier, and flutters about close to the ground.

The Tailed Jay

(Graphium agamemnon). The Tailed Jay is an attractive butterfly native to India. It is also known as Green-spotted Triangle, Tailed Green Jay, or the Green Triangle. It is predominantly green and black in colour. They are strong and restless fliers.

The Great Orange-tip

(Hebomoia glaucippe). A handsome looking and one of the biggest butterflies are from the Pieridae family. These butterflies can be found around the flowering plants feeding on the nectar from the flowers.

The Peacock Pansy

(Junonia almana). The Peacock Pansy is a common species found in a wide variety of habitats including forest clearings, Acacia thorn scrub, palm-fringed beaches, savannah, dry woodlands and botanical gardens.

The Gaudy Baron

(Euthalia lubentina). The Gaudy Baron is another nymphalid butterfly found often seen in SGNP. The butterfly true to its name has these gaudy colours.